Lesson Study


Background of FD Commons Project

In Japan, "lesson study" (jyugyo kenkyu) is a popular professional development approach wherein lecturers collaborate to study content, instruction, and student problem-solving and understanding in order to improve instruction and learning at elementary and secondary schools. Faculty learning communities have been organized to conduct lesson study and to use information technology in order to share knowledge and improve teaching and learning. Unfortunately, in the context of university education, it is difficult to learn from each other and break the pervasive professional isolation. Therefore, most university instructors learn to teach in a sink-or-swim environment that ignores the fact that teaching is a highly complex enterprise influenced by multiple variables. In order to improve this situation, mobile technology, such as tablet PCs and pen-based devices, provides busy teachers with an opportunity to work on lesson study over a wireless network. On-line handwriting recognition can be used to collect data from reviewers' comments, label the data, and suggest weak and strong points based on an instructional design database. Strategies to improve instruction and criteria for assessing the quality of teaching/learning are retrieved from a database of reviewers' comments (e-teaching portfolio) specific to the instructional setting (subject, teaching mode, target audience, learning objects, etc.).

Background of FD Commons Project

In the pilot studies, we investigated the effects and operability of online peer reviewing system on five reviewers. The reviewers were all teachers who are faculty member at Tokyo University of Agriculture and Technology. All reviewers who used "FD Commons" had no problem with system operability and their views of accessibility (Fig.1-2).


Fig.1 Reviewing with FD Commons(Off-Line)
Fig.2 Reviewing with FD Commons(On-Line)

Base on the comments form two reviewers, we reconsidered the interface to integrate multicast information source for improving usability and developed version 2 In version 2, we set up six different stamps, which indicated three "perspectives" (interaction, content, and methodology), that need to be drawn on to record the properties of educational events adequately and clearly during reviewing class lectures. By continuing evaluation studies, we added on more three "perspectives"(oral presentation, writing on the blackboard, and the pace of lecturing), which were convenient to evaluate and check basic teaching skills in Version3.


Fig.3 FD Commons Version3

Lesson Study

We designed and developed an Online Peer Reviewing Process (FD Commons) to gain new insights regarding what is good practice for learning and teaching in higher education. We also investigate the positive and negative effects of mobile computing for peer reviewing process in pilot study of our prototype system. It also has the function to realize and build teaching commons to conduct "lesson study" and to share teaching/learning knowledge for improvements.


Fig.4 Lesson Study in Use of FD Commons

Demo Video

WindowsMediaVideo(WMV)
AudioVideoInterleaving(AVI)